September 14, 2022

Enrique of Malacca Online Resources

Contemporary Sources

Many of the contemporary writings about the Magellan-Elcano expedition are available online, translated into English and for free. These include the accounts of Antonio Pigafetta and others who joined the voyage and Maximilian of Transylvania, who interviewed survivors. See the links below. (More coming soon.)

The First Voyage Round the World

by Antonio Pigafetta, translated by Lord Stanley of Alderley

From (multiple formats).

This collection of contemporary writings about the first circumnavigation was first published in 1876 and includes the key sources from the time. It’s perhaps the single best collection.

Introduction by Henry Edward John Stanley, translator and editor.

The Genoese Pilot’s Account of Magellan’s Voyage

Narrative of the Anonymous Portuguese

Pigafetta’s Account of Magellan’s Voyage

Pigafetta’s Treatise of Navigation

Names of the First Circumnavigators

Magellan’s Order of the Day in the Straits

Letter of Maximilian, the Transylvan

Log-Book of Francisco Alvo or Alvaro

Account of the “Trinity” and her Crew

Account of the Mutiny in Port St. Julian, and Gaspar Correa’s Account of the Voyage

Cost of Magellan’s Fleet



The Philippine Islands, 1493-1898, Volume 33, 1519-1522

by Antonio Pigafetta (Part 1 of Pigafetta’s journal).

Editor: Emma Helen Blair.

Translator: James Alexander Robertson.

Italian and English side by side.

From (multiple formats).

by Antonio Pigafetta (Part 2 of Pigafetta’s journal).

Editor: Emma Helen Blair.

Translator: James Alexander Robertson.

Italian and English side by side.

From (multiple formats).




Introduction by Henry Edward John Stanley, translator and editor.


The Book Of Duarte Barbosa  Vol. 1

by Dames, Mansel Longworth, Tr.

From Internet Archive /

The Book Of Duarte Barbosa  Vol. 2

by Dames, Mansel Longworth, Tr.

From Internet Archive /

Editor’s note: I will continue to update this page with links and resources.

(C) 2022 by John Sailors. All rights reserved.

Learn more about Enrique of Malacca:

Frequently Uttered Questions
• Who was Enrique of Malacca? (History/Biography)
• What was Enrique of Malacca’s Real Name
• What was Enrique of Malacca’s Cause of Death?
• Was Enrique First to Circumnavigate the Earth?
• Where was Enrique of Malacca from?
• Was Enrique of Malacca Filipino?

People interested in Enrique of Malacca FAQs may also be interested in our profiles.

Enrique's Voyage Profiles

On March 28, 1521, Enrique of Malacca became the first person to complete a linguistic circumnavigation of the globe—he traveled so far in one direction that he reached a point where his language was spoken. Enrique’s journey began a decade earlier following the sack of Malacca, when he became a slave of Ferdinand Magellan. Read more.

Holy Roman Emperor Charles V Backs Magellan's Armada

Ferdinand Magellan’s Armada de Molucca was financed by Carlos I (1500–1558), the newly crowned king of a unified Castile and Aragon. Carlos was an eighteen-year-old Habsburg from Flanders who barely spoke Spanish. Between the time he agreed to back Magellan's expedition and its departure, he became Charles V, Holy Roman emperor, and archduke of Austria.   Read More.

Magellan's Real Circumnavigation, Enrique of Malacca Taken as Slave (Magellan, Part 1)

Schoolchildren around the world are taught the name Ferdinand Magellan[1]—“the first person to circumnavigate the globe”—many in grade school and again high school. But few people know Magellan's story, that he was killed in the Philippines halfway through that circumnavigation, and moreover, that he still came within 2,600 kilometers of fully circling the earth. Read more.

For Ferdinand Magellan, life moved swiftly from tropical amphibious combat in Southeast Asia to land war on horseback in North Africa. Magellan returned to Lisbon in 1512 or 1513, bringing with him Enrique, the slave he claimed at Malacca. Unfortunately, the Malay teenager was about all the fortune Magellan collected in seven years’ service in India. Magellan invested the riches he collected in a trade deal that went sour, a slap in the face he learned of on return to Lisbon … Read more.

Spain's King Charles named Magellan captain-general of the Armada de Molucca, but from the start he had to enforce his authority with an iron hand. In Asia a decade earlier Magellan had been more soldier than sailor. Now as commander of a naval fleet, Magellan relied on his military fleet background to maintain control of his own armada. Read more.

Juan de Cartagena Leads Mutiny Against Magellan

Juan de Cartagena, a native of Burgos, was the original captain of the San Antonio and one of the human obstacles Ferdinand Magellan had to overcome on the expedition. History labels Magellan and Columbus and other ship captains as “explorers” and “navigators.” Cartagena is identified as “an accountant and a ship captain” [1], not quite the swashbuckling image that inspires fifth graders in history class.   Read more.

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