Enrique of Malacca Enrique of Malacca was the first person to circumnavigate the globe linguistically—he traveled so far in one direction (west) that he came to a place where his own language was spoken. Enrique may have also circumnavigated the globe completely, a full circle of the earth beginning and ending in Malacca or somewhere in the Philippines. 

Enrique departed Malacca on the Malay Peninsula in 1512 or 1513, taken as a slave by Ferdinand Magellan after the 1511 Portuguese invasion of the area trade hub. They went first to Lisbon and later to Spain before departing on the Magellan-Elcano expedition that first circled the globe. Enrique was last seen by Magellan's fleet at Cebu (Philippines), some 2,600 kilometers from Malacca.

1558 Carrack Pieter Bruegel the Elder

May 27, 2022

The Santiago: The Magellan Shipwreck and Dramatic Rescue

The Santiago's final journey, and
the ground the crew hiked to survive.
Updated from 5/27/22.

The Santiago was the smallest of the five ships in Ferdinand Magellan’s fleet, listed at 75 tons, and it had the smallest crew: just 33 men. At a cost of 187,500 maradevis, it was also the least expensive ship. The Santiago was the only ship in Magellan’s fleet that was shipwrecked.


Ship

Tonnage

Maravedis

Crew

San Antonio

120

330,000

55

Trinidad (flagship)

110

270,000

62

Concepción

  90

228,000

45

Victoria

  85

300,000

46

Santiago

  75

187,500

33

The Crew

The Santiago carried 14 crew members from Castile as well as crew members from France (6–7), Genoa (4), Flanders (2), and the Azores (1). In addition to able seamen and apprentice seamen, the Santiago carried a caulker, a carpenter, a clerk, two gunners, a sergeant-at-arms, and two cabin boys.

Most notable aboard the Santiago was its captain, Juan Rodríguez Serrano (João Rodrigues Serrão in Portuguese). Historians have long assumed Serrano was Portuguese, possibly the brother of Francisco Serrão, Magellan’s close friend, who had reached the Spice Islands from Malacca a decade earlier.

Juan Rodríguez Serrano

Serrano had sailed aboard Spanish ships since his youth and had crossed the Atlantic to the coast of Brazil once before, in 1499–1500. A royal pilot, he served aboard the Santiago as captain and pilot. Serrano remained loyal to Magellan throughout the voyage.

When the fleet wintered at Puerto San Julian in Patagonia, the Santiago was the first ship to be reconditioned. Anxious to get the expedition moving, Magellan sent the Santiago ahead to scout the coast, to seek either a strait or a cape—or at least a better place to replenish supplies.

The Santiago left Puerto San Julian around May 1, and on May 6 found an estuary full of seals and penguins. Serrano named the estuary Santa Cruz. The Santiago remained there for two weeks, the crew slaughtering and roasting seals. 

Shipwreck and Rescue

Shortly after departing on May 22, the Santiago was hit by a fierce storm. Winds tore away its sails and a large wave washed away its rudder. The Santiago was left floating helplessly, the winds driving it toward shore.

Here, Serrano’s experience came to the rescue. The royal pilot managed to hoist a spare sail and—with no rudder—steer the ship bow first toward a beach. Hitting rocks would have meant disaster, yet Seranno brought the Santiago to rest close enough to sand that all but one crew member were able to jump to safety.

Minutes later the Santiago broke up in the waves. 

The Santiago’s crew were now stranded far beyond the end of the map, in winter conditions and with little food. Making matters more uncomfortable, they knew the map ended where it did because a landing party from the previous expedition down the coast was attacked and eaten by cannibals. On a beach with crew looking on from offshore.

With this thought in mind the group of 30 men hiked over rough terrain for four days to get back to the estuary. There they sent two young crewmen on, for a trek that took nearly two weeks before the two reached Puerto San Julian, where the fleet waited.

Magellan decided to send a rescue party of 20 men on foot—loaded with bread and wine for the Santiago’s shipwrecked crew. It was June 26 before the rescue party arrived at Santa Cruz, some five weeks since the ill-fated Santiago's shipwreck.

Magellan reassigned Serrano as captain of the Concepción, whose original captain, Gasper de Quesada, was executed following the Easter mutiny.

Later when Magellan was killed at Mactan, Serrano was chosen along with Duarte Barbosa to take command of the fleet. Barbosa, likely Magellan’s brother-in-law, was killed days later at the massacre at Cebu. Serrano was last seen just after, beaten and dragged to the beach. 

Under the command of João de Lopes Carvalho, the three remaining Spanish ships fled, abandoning Serrano. His fate is unknown.



By John Sailors

Enrique's Voyage

(C) 2022, by John Sailors.



See Also:


On March 28, 1521, Enrique of Malacca became the first person to complete a
linguistic circumnavigation of the globe—he traveled so far in one direction that he reached a point where his language was spoken. Enrique’s journey began a decade earlier following the sack of Malacca, when he became a slave of Ferdinand Magellan. A teenager, he accompanied Magellan back to Portugal, then to Spain, and finally on the Armada de Molucca to locate a westward route to the Spice Islands.  Read more:





What Was Enrique of Malacca's Nationality?

Enrique of Malacca's origin is a subject of debate. Three places are considered possible: Malacca, then a major trade hub on the Malay Peninsula; Sumatra, the large island adjacent to Malacca (modern-day Indonesia); and the Visayan Islands in the (modern-day) Philippines. The following article examines the three possibilities and the evidence available. Read more.





Was Enrique of Malacca Filipino?

Enrique of Malacca's origin is a subject of debate. Three places are considered possible: Malacca, then a major trade hub on the Malay Peninsula; Sumatra, the large island adjacent to Malacca; and the Visayan Islands in the (modern-day) Philippines. The evidence points to Malacca, though chronicler Antonio Pigafetta said Sumatra, and some scholars believe it's possibly Enrique was from the Visayan Islands in the modern-day Philippines? See the historical evidence in this post: Where was Enrique of Malacca from, Malacca or the Philippines?





Find us:

Learn more about Enrique at EnriqueOfMalacca.com.






(C) 2022 by John Sailors. All rights reserved.