Enrique of Malacca Enrique of Malacca was the first person to circumnavigate the globe linguistically—he traveled so far in one direction (west) that he came to a place where his own language was spoken. Enrique may have also circumnavigated the globe completely, a full circle of the earth beginning and ending in Malacca or somewhere in the Philippines. 

Enrique departed Malacca on the Malay Peninsula in 1512 or 1513, taken as a slave by Ferdinand Magellan after the 1511 Portuguese invasion of the area trade hub. They went first to Lisbon and later to Spain before departing on the Magellan-Elcano expedition that first circled the globe. Enrique was last seen by Magellan's fleet at Cebu (Philippines), some 2,600 kilometers from Malacca.

1558 Carrack Pieter Bruegel the Elder

March 08, 2022

Links: History of Malacca

Malacca, 1511.


This is a list of useful links on the history of Malacca. It will be updated regularly.


Wikipedia Links

Wikipedia contains valuable information and resources on Malacca and its history. See also the citations for these pages, which provide a bibliography with many links.

Malacca: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Malacca#Sultanate_of_Malacca

Malacca Cityhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Malacca_City

Enrique of Malaccahttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Enrique_of_Malacca

Talk: Enrique of Malaccahttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Talk:Enrique_of_Malacca



Encyclopedia Britannica

"Melaka, formerly Malacca, town and port, Peninsular (West) Malaysia, on the Strait of Malacca, at the mouth of the sluggish Melaka River. The city was founded about 1400, when Paramesvara, the ruler of Tumasik (now Singapore), fled from the forces of the Javanese kingdom of Majapahit and found refuge at the site, then a small fishing village." Linkhttps://www.britannica.com/place/Melaka-Malaysia



Association for Asian Studies

When the World Came to Southeast Asia: Malacca and the Global Economy

"Situated in the west coast of the Malay Peninsula on the strait that bears its name, the port of Malacca is adjacent to one of the world’s busiest shipping lanes. Today’s Malacca (Melaka in Malay) is a small port city with few obvious signs of its former glory. Despite a growing tourist trade, …" Linkhttps://www.asianstudies.org/publications/eaa/archives/when-the-world-came-to-southeast-asia-malacca-and-the-global-economy/


Melaka in Fact Maps

Here is a page of historical maps of Malacca that chart growth in the city's downtown and Bukit China. They span from the early sixteenth century just after the arrival of the Portuguese all the way to 1980. The page was created by Melaka in Fact project. 

According to the project website, MelakaInFact.com, its team is recording oral histories of people from Malacca and collecting old maps, manuscripts, and photographs—and much more.

Bukit Cina Historical Mapshttps://melakainfact.com/2020/05/11/bukit-cina-maps/ 


(C) 2022, by John Sailors.



See Also:


On March 28, 1521, Enrique of Malacca became the first person to complete a
linguistic circumnavigation of the globe—he traveled so far in one direction that he reached a point where his language was spoken. Enrique’s journey began a decade earlier following the sack of Malacca, when he became a slave of Ferdinand Magellan. A teenager, he accompanied Magellan back to Portugal, then to Spain, and finally on the Armada de Molucca to locate a westward route to the Spice Islands.  Read more:





What Was Enrique of Malacca's Nationality?

Enrique of Malacca's origin is a subject of debate. Three places are considered possible: Malacca, then a major trade hub on the Malay Peninsula; Sumatra, the large island adjacent to Malacca (modern-day Indonesia); and the Visayan Islands in the (modern-day) Philippines. The following article examines the three possibilities and the evidence available. Read more.





Find us:

Learn more about Enrique at EnriqueOfMalacca.com.






(C) 2022 by John Sailors. All rights reserved.