Enrique of Malacca Enrique of Malacca was the first person to circumnavigate the globe linguistically—he traveled so far in one direction (west) that he came to a place where his own language was spoken. Enrique may have also circumnavigated the globe completely, a full circle of the earth beginning and ending in Malacca or somewhere in the Philippines. 

Enrique departed Malacca on the Malay Peninsula in 1512 or 1513, taken as a slave by Ferdinand Magellan after the 1511 Portuguese invasion of the area trade hub. They went first to Lisbon and later to Spain before departing on the Magellan-Elcano expedition that first circled the globe. Enrique was last seen by Magellan's fleet at Cebu (Philippines), some 2,600 kilometers from Malacca.

1558 Carrack Pieter Bruegel the Elder

March 19, 2022

The Nao Trinidad's Roster, Flagship of Magellan's Armada de Molucca

 

Magellan's fleet in the strait.


Rosters by the historian Martín Fernández de Navarrete (1765–1844). See the footnotes on translation. 

Notes: Traveling aboard the flagship Trinidad with Ferdinand Magellan were Enrique of Malacca, Magellan's slave-interpreter; the Magellan-Elcano chronicler Antonio Pigafetta; Duarte Barbosa, likely Magellan's brother-in-law; and Cristóbal Rabelo, possibly an illegitimate son of Magellan's.

In Navarrete's roster below, Enrique, Pigafetta, and Barbosa are listed as "Sobresaliente," while Rabelo is listed as "servant." Later rosters have varied. In his book Magellan, the historian Tim Joyner lists all four as "supernumeraries," or extras, beyond what is normally needed.

All four became close confidants of Magellan and all four fought with him at Mactan. Magellan and Rabelo were killed, Enrique and Pigafetta injured.

Following Magellan's death, Barbosa and Juan Rodríguez Serrano were chosen as co-commanders of the fleet.

Barbosa was killed just days later in an ambush at Cebu, carried out by Rajah Humabon. Only Serrano was seen after, bloodied and beaten on the beach. From beach to ship, Serrano reported that all were dead except for he and Enrique, according to Pigafetta.

Pigafetta went on to blame Enrique for planning the massacre, though the remainder of the fleet departed immediately for fear of the ships' being captured. No investigation was done and the fates of both Enrique and Serrano are unknown.

Here's the starting roster of the Trinidad, displayed in confusing mixes of spellings and languages.


Navarrete:

Trinidad

(Flagship of 110 tons)


Capacity

Name

Nationality

Chief captain of the fleet

Hernando de Magallanes

Portuguese, citizen of Oporto

Pilot of his Highness

Esteban Gomez

Portuguese

Notary

Leon de Espeleta

 

Master

Juan Bautista de Punzorol 1

Cestre, on the Genoese shore

Alguacil 2

Gonzalo Gomez de Espinosa

Espinosa

Contramaestre

Francisco Albo 3

Axio, citizen of Rodas

Surgeon

Juan de Morales 4

Sevilla

Barber

Marcos de Bayas

San Lucar de Alpechin

Carpenter

Master Antonio

Genoese

Steward

Cristóbal Ros or Rodriguez

Lepe

Calker

Felipe 5

Genoese, native of Reco

Cooper

Francisco Martin

Sevilla

Sailor

Francisco de Espinosa

De le Brizuela

Sailor

Ginés de Mafra

Jerez

Sailor

Leon Pancaldo 6

Saona, in Génova

Sailor

Juan Ginovés 7

San Remó

Sailor

Francisco Piora

Saona

Sailor

Martin Ginovés

Cestre

Sailor

Anton Hernandez Colmenero

Huelva

Sailor

Anton Ros, or Rodriguez

Huelva

Sailor

Bartolomé Sanchez

Huelva

Sailor

Tomas de Natia

Cestre

Sailor

Diego Martin

Huelva

Sailor

Domingo de Urrutia 8

Lequeitio

Sailor

Francisco Martin

Huelva

Sailor

Juan Rodriguez

Sevilla

Gunner

Master Andres, chief gunner

Bristol, in England

Gunner

Juan Bautista

Mompeller

Gunner

Guillermo Tañegui

Lila de Groya

Common seaman

Antonio de Goa

Loró

Common seaman

Anton de Noya 9

Noya in Galicia

Common seaman

Francisco de Ayamonte

Ayamonte

Common seaman

Juan de Santandres 10

Cueto

Common seaman

Blas de Toledo 11

Almunia in Aragon

Common seaman

Anton 12

Black

Common seaman

Basco Gomez Gallego

Portuguese

Common seaman

Juan Gallego

Pontevedra

Common seaman

Luis de Beas 13

Beas in Galicia

Common seaman

Juan de Grijol

Grijol in Portugal

Boy

Gutierrez

Asturian from Villasevil

Boy

Juan Genovés 14

A port on the Genoese shore

Boy

Andres de la Cruz 15

Sevilla


Servants of the captain and sobresalientes 16

Servant

Cristóbal Rabelo

Portuguese, native of Oporto

Sobresaliente

Joan Miñez or Martinez

Sevilla

Servant

Fernando Portogues 17

Portuguese, native of

 

 

Oporto

Sobresaliente

Antonio Lombardo [Pigafetta] 18

Lombardía

 

Peti-Joan

French, native of Angeo [i.e., Anjou]

 

Gonzalo Rodriguez

Portuguese

 

Diego Sanchez Barrasa

Sevilla

 

Luis Alonso, de Gois 19

Portuguese, citizen of Ayamonte

 

Duarte Barbosa

Portuguese

 

Albaro de la Mezquita

Portuguese

Servant

Nuño

Portuguese, native of Montemayor Nuevo

Servant

Diego

San Lucar

Captain’s boy

Francisco 20

Portuguese, native of Estremiz

Idem

Jorge Morisco

Lombardía

Chaplain

Pedro de Balderrama

Ecija

Merino

Alberto 21 Merino

Cordova

Servant of the alguacil

Pero Gomez

Hornilla la Prieta

Armorer

Pero Sanchez 22

Sevilla

Interpreter, a servant

Henrique de Malaca 23

Malaca

 

Lázaro de Torres

Aracena


See the Footnotes for notes on spellings and translations of terms.


Images:

Image 1, Magellan's fleet in the strait" Public domain, via Wikimedia Commons.




(C) 2022 by Enrique's Voyage. All rights reserved.